7.28.2016

Colorado's Engineering Marvels

From bridges to dams to tunnels and beyond, Colorado has some fine examples of structural engineering.  Awe-inspiring bridges such as the Georgetown Loop, the Royal Gorge, and my personal favorite, the Red Cliff Arch Bridge, conquer the mountainous terrain to allow trains, pedestrians, and motor vehicles to cross wide canyons -- get a spectacular view in the process.  Man-made dams such as Chatfield, Dillon, and Blue Mesa serve many purposes, including flood control, recreation, and water supply to towns and cities.  The Eisenhower/Johnson tunnels, the Moffat tunnel, and the Glenwood Canyon project challenged mother nature by creating passages through what had previously been impassable mountains.  Each of these places -- and hundreds of others across Colorado -- have fascinating histories and stories to be told.  You can find these histories, along with technical information, on these feats of engineering by searching our library's resources.  Some highlights from our collection include:
Publications not available online can be borrowed from our library or through Prospector or interlibrary loan.  For more resources, search our library's web catalog.

Royal Gorge Bridge.  Photo courtesy Colorado Tourism Office.


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A side note, speaking of floods and canyons -- this Sunday, July 31, marks the 40th anniversary of the Big Thompson Flood.  See my blog entry from the 35th anniversary for resources on this topic.

7.26.2016

Time Machine Tuesday: 1903 Bird Protection Act

Yesterday I wrote about humans' effects on wildlife.  This issue is nothing new.  In 1903, the Colorado Legislature passed an Act providing for the protection of birds and their nests and eggs.  Colorado's Act pre-dated Federal protections that were put in place under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, which prohibits the killing or capturing of migratory birds. 

https://dspace.library.colostate.edu/webclient/DeliveryManager/digitool_items/cub01_storage/2014/02/19/file_1/247400Colorado's 1903 Act, which you can read online via the digital Colorado Session Laws, says that "No person shall, within the State of Colorado, kill or catch, or have in his or her possession, living or dead, any wild bird other than a game bird...no part of the plumage, skin, or body of any bird protected by this section shall be sold...[and] no person shall, within the State of Colorado, take or needlessly destroy the nest or the eggs of any wild bird nor shall have such nests or eggs in his or her possession."  Colorado statute still provides for the protection of birds, pursuant to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

What were bird populations like in Colorado in 1903?  The Birds of Colorado, published in 1897 by the State Agricultural College (now Colorado State University), reports that there were at that time 360 known bird species in Colorado.  Today the official count for Colorado is 499 species.  (Source:  http://coloradobirdrecords.org/Reports/StateChecklist.aspx)  To learn more about Colorado's bird species and the state's wildlife protection efforts, visit Colorado Parks & Wildlife or search our library's online catalog and digital repository.

7.25.2016

Human Population Growth and its Effect on Wildlife

You can go practically anywhere in the state and see that Colorado's population is booming.  The I-25 corridor, including Fort Collins, Colorado Springs, and the Denver Metropolitan Area, is especially seeing record growth.  More people results in more development, which equals changes and/or reduction in habitat for wildlife.  Therefore wildlife numbers are reduced, and many of those that survive are wandering into urbanized areas.  Predatory animals such as bears, mountain lions, and coyotes have become more dangerous to people and pets due to the building of homes in the animals' natural habitats.  Other wildlife, such as prairie dogs, are being eliminated at fast pace.  Wildlife species are important to our ecosystem, and the loss of their habitat will bring continued changes and ever more frequent interactions with humans.  Not only does building development reduce wildlife habitat, but more roadways and traffic, human-caused wildfires, resource extraction, and other situations are hazardous to wildlife as well. Here are some resources from our library that discuss this trend, and how humans can deal with wildlife interactions in the interest of both human and animal safety.  All publications are issued by the Colorado Division of Wildlife (now Colorado Parks & Wildlife) unless otherwise noted.  For more resources, visit our library's online catalog.


7.21.2016

Colorado's Earliest Inhabitants

Much has been written about the Native Americans in Colorado in the nineteenth century, particularly in relation to the whites who were migrating to their land.  But what do we know about the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Ute, and other tribes' early ancestors?  Long before whites had explored and settled in what we now call Colorado, Paleo-Indians called this land home -- and archaeological study is yielding clues about these ancient peoples.

Common wisdom says that Native Americans descend from Asians who crossed the land bridge to what is now Alaska about 15,000 years ago, although this is still under speculation.  However they got here, it is estimated that people may have called Colorado home for as much as 11,000 years.  Evidence of these prehistoric peoples include projectile points (spear/arrowheads); ancient bison and mammoth bones that show signs of having been hunted; remains of dwelling sites; and the 1963 discovery north of Fort Collins of the bones of a woman thought to have died 9,000 years ago.  While many Coloradans today think of the cliff dwellers of Mesa Verde as the "ancient ones," they are, in fact, relatively recent -- having lived in Colorado only about 600 or 700 years ago.

Our library has numerous resources on archaeology and ancient Coloradans, including several great books from the University Press of Colorado (archaeology is one of their specialties):
  • Archaeological Landscapes on the High Plains
  • Frontiers in Paleoindian Archaeology:  From the Dent Site to the Rocky Mountains
  • Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology of the Colorado High Country
  • Ice Age Hunters of the Rockies
  • Late Paleoindian Occupation of the Southern Rocky Mountains:  Early Holocene Projectile Points and Land Use in the High Country
  • Prehistory in Peril:  The Worst and Best of Durango Archaeology
  • In the Shadow of the Rocks:  Archaeology of the Chimney Rock District in Southern Colorado
The Colorado Historical Society (now History Colorado) includes an Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, which houses the State Archaeologist and oversees Colorado archaeological sites in cooperation with the Federal Government, who owns much of the land containing archaeological resources.  Some of their publications include:
Other resources in our library collection that tell the story of ancient Coloradans include resources from the Colorado Department of Transportation's archaeology unit, which detail specific investigationsTo find these and other resources visit our library's online catalog. 

7.19.2016

Time Machine Tuesday: Buffalo Creek, 20 Years Later

In July of 1996 -- twenty years ago this month -- the town of Buffalo Creek was hit by a disastrous flash flood that took two lives and caused severe damage to property. 

Buffalo Creek is located in the western foothills of Jefferson County, about an hour from Denver.  It was founded in 1877.  Known for its hiking and biking trails, the area around Buffalo Creek has been tested several times by wildfire, including the 2000 Hi Meadows Fire and the 2002 Hayman Fire. 

The 1996 flood disaster occurred two months after another huge forest fire, this one even closer to the town.  The fire destroyed 18 homes.  According to a Colorado Water Conservation Board report issued in March, 1997, "The cruel irony of the flash flood is that it followed a massive forest fire which burned 12,000 acres of nearby forest land during May 1996.  The combined hardships associated with both of these disasters and the continuing threat of additional flash flooding has produced serious concerns for the remaining residents of Buffalo Creek."  The flood destroyed the town's fire station and community center, damaged several homes, destroyed bridges, and washed out parts of Highway 126.  It also wreaked havoc on the town's water, electricity, and telephone systems.

The denuded landscape along with unusually heavy rains were to blame for the flood.  In southern Colorado, Pueblo had also experienced flooding that same week.  The Buffalo Creek flood is just one of numerous high-profile floods in Colorado, including the 1965 South Platte River flood; the 1976 Big Thompson flood; and the major floods of 2013.  To learn more about flooding in Colorado, search our library's online catalog.

Aftermath of the 1996 fire and flood at Buffalo Creek.  Photo courtesy USGS.

7.18.2016

Colorado Artists

Our library collection contains a number of biographies on Colorado fine artists.  Titles of interest in our collection include:
  • "The Art of 'Nettie' Bromwell," by Maria Matthews, Colorado Heritage, Spring 1997.
  • "C. Waldo Love:  Denver Artist," by Stan Cuba, Colorado Heritage, Jan/Feb 2012.
  • "The Cowboy, the Indian, and the Buckaroo:  Alexander Phimster Proctor in Colorado," by Peter H. Hassrick, Colorado Heritage, Summer 2003.
  • Denver Artists Guild:  Its Founding Members, by Stan Cuba.  History Colorado, 2015.
  • "Eve Drewelowe:  Boulder Artist," by Stanley L. Cuba, Colorado Heritage, Summer 1990.
  • Herndon Davis:  Painting Colorado History, by Thomas J. Noel and Craig W. Leavitt, University of Colorado, 2016.
  • "Impressions of a Renaissance:  The Artists of Denver National Bank," by Jack Henry Kunin, Colorado Heritage, Summer 2002.
  • Irene Jerome Hood:  A Victorian Woman and Her Art, by Georgianna Congiguglia, Colorado Historical Society, 1982.
  • Masterpieces of Colorado:  A Rich Legacy of Landscape Painting.  Colorado Council on the Arts, 2007.
  • "Paul Gregg:  The City Room Was His Studio," by Georgianna Contiguglia, Colorado Heritage, Summer 1990.
  • "Seeing Allen True:  The Life and Art of an American Muralist," by Alisa Zahller, Colorado Heritage, Sept/Oct 2009.
  • "Vance Kirkland:  Confronting Colorado in Art," by Stanley Cuba, Colorado Heritage, Summer 2001.
  • "Western Visions:  Colorado's New Deal Post Office Murals," by Mary Motian-Meadows, Colorado Heritage, Autumn 1991.
Many of these artists' works can be seen exhibited in local galleries, government buildings, universities, and museums such as History Colorado; the Denver Art Museum; the Kirkland Museum of Decorative and Fine Arts; and the American Museum of Western Art.

7.14.2016

Statewide Transportation Plan

A couple of years ago I posted an entry about the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT)'s Statewide Transportation Plan, which was then under development.  Now, the plan has been finalized and is available on a new interactive website.  Components of the plan, which was developed with citizen input, include maps, infographics, financial data, and informational videos.  Those interested in Colorado history will enjoy the video Innovation Through the Ages, a 5-minute history of CDOT, which started as the State Highway Commission in 1910.  Check out the video for some great historic images!


The new statewide transportation plan covers planning for the next 10 to 25 years and includes planning resources for roads and highways, aviation, bicycle/pedestrian, and rail.  You can view previous plans, and other transportation documents, by searching our library's online catalog.



7.12.2016

Time Machine Tuesday: State Audit Reports

Throughout Colorado's history the State Auditor's Office, an office of the Legislative branch, has been conducting audits of Colorado state agencies and programs.  The office produces reports that outline the audit's procedures, findings, and recommendations, as well as whether the agency being audited has implemented the recommendations.  Many of these reports are available digitally from our library.  While nearly all the reports from 2000 to the present are available online, we also have a number of audits from previous decades that have been digitized.  A few interesting examples include:
While a majority of our collection of pre-2000 audit reports are still only available in hard copy, we are continuing to digitize and add more to the collection so check back often.  Publications can be checked out, viewed in our library, or requested through interlibrary loan or Prospector.  To view a list of all of the audit reports in our library collection, both print and digital, search government call number GA2 in our library's online catalog.  For digital reports only, visit our digital repository.

For audits prior to 1970, although in most cases we lack individual reports, information can be found in the Biennial Report of the State Auditor, which we have digitized for the years between 1888 and 1940.

7.11.2016

Colorado Medicaid is now Health First Colorado

Medicaid in Colorado has a new name -- Health First Colorado.  The name change was implemented in part to help eliminate confusion between Medicaid and Medicare.  Medicaid is still the name of the federal program, however.  Medicaid is one of the largest chunks of the Colorado state budget, so this name change will affect many people.  The Colorado Department of Health Care Policy and Financing, which oversees the state's Medicaid program, is conducting a large-scale advertising campaign that will alert Coloradans to the name change via radio, online, and bus stop/transit ads.  For more information on the name change, as well as membership and other information related to the program in Colorado, visit www.healthfirstcolorado.com


7.07.2016

New College and Career Website

Last month Colorado debuted the new Launch My Career Colorado website.  This site provides a searchable tool that prospective college students can use to determine the earning potential for their desired majors, industries, jobs, and schools.  For instance, if you search library science as a major, you first receive a screen that gives the percentages regarding career satisfaction in the state -- 46% are deeply interested in the work they do; 36% say they have the ideal job for them; and 86% say they are satisfied with their personal life.  You can compare this to other potential jobs to see which one has the highest satisfaction.  This page also offers a list of the schools where you can get a degree in your selected major.

Then you can go to the left side of the screen and click on the tabs for information on hot jobs, skills in demand, top concentrations within the major, and more.  As you click through the tabs you will find information on median salaries, how many jobs in the field are currently available, how many jobs are projected to be available in the next 5 years, average first year salary, average cost of the degree by school, and even a figure on how much more you would make in this career than if you didn't go to college.


This website is a helpful tool for selecting a major, a school, or a career direction.  It's not just for high school seniors; adults looking to further their education or make a career change will also find this site helpful. 

7.06.2016

Garden Pests

If you're experiencing some unwelcome visitors in your yard or garden, you can use information found in our library collection to help you identify and eradicate pests.  This article will help you find resources by plant type or pest type.  Titles that do not have links can be checked out in hard copy from our library.  As always, you can search for more resources in our library catalog.

General Resources

Beneficial Insects and Other ArthropodsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

BiocontrolColorado Department of Agriculture, 2009-   .  See also Biocontrol Webpage.

Buying and Selling Pesticides OnlineColorado State University, Colorado Environmental Pesticide Education Program, 2006.

Colorado Pesticide Guide.  Vegetable Crops.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1997.

Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Annual Report, Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2005-

Economic Considerations of Pest Management BMPs, Colorado Department of Agriculture, 1997.

Friendly Pesticides for Home GardensColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

High Plains Pest Management Guide for Colorado-Western Nebraska-Wyoming.  Cooperative Extension Services of Colorado State University, University of Wyoming, and University of Nebraska, 1998.

Homeowner's Guide, Alternative Pest Management for the Lawn and GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2002.

Homeowner's Guide to Pesticide Use Around the Home and GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2002.

Household Insects of the Rocky Mountain States.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wyoming Extension, and Montana State University Extension, 1994.

Insect Control:  Horticultural OilsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2005.

Insect Pest Control in Colorado Organic Vegetable GardensColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.

Insect Pests of Landscape Plants.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1970.

Integrated Pest Management Practices in Colorado.  Colorado State University Department of Bioagricultural Service and Pest Management, 1997.

Landscape Insect and Mite Pest Management Guide, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1988.

Outdoor Vertebrate Pest Control.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2008.

Preventing Plant Diseases in the Vegetable GardenColorado State University Extension Service, 1979.

Residential/Commercial Pest Control.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2006.

Safe Pesticide HandlingColorado State University, High Plains Intermountain Center for Agricultural Health and Safety, 1998.

Vegetable Crop Pests.  Colorado State College Extension Service, Farm Victory Program, 1943.

Vegetable Garden HintsColorado Master Gardener Program, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

Weed and Insect Impacts in Colorado and the Costs and Impacts of Biocontrol.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2001.


By Plant Type

Alfalfa

Alfalfa:  Weeds, Diseases, InsectsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1999.

Alfalfa WeevilColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2011.

The Alfalfa Weevil in ColoradoColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1933.

Aphids in AlfalfaColorado State University Extension, 2011.

Management of the Alfalfa Leaf-Cutter Bee in Colorado.  Colorado State University Experiment Station, 1972.

Survival of Several Alfalfa Varieties Seeded on Irrigated Land Infested with Bacterial WiltColorado State College Experiment Station, 1938.


Beans

Dry Bean Production & Pest Management.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2015.

Western Bean Cutworm:  Characteristics and Management in Corn and Dry BeansColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Berries

Currants, Gooseberries, and Jostaberries for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1993.  

Raspberries for the Home GardenColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Strawberries for the Home GardenColorado State University Extension, 2009.


Corn

Ecology and Control of Spider Mites on Corn in Northeastern Colorado.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1983.

European Corn BorersColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1986.

Management of European Corn Borer with Bt Corn Hybrids in Eastern ColoradoColorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1999.

Management of Spider Mites in CornColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1986.

Managing Corn Pests with Bt CornColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2010.

Spider Mites in CornColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Sweet Corn for the GardenColorado State University Extension Service, 2003.

Sweet Corn Insect ControlColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1986.

Western Bean Cutworm:  Characteristics and Management in Corn and Dry BeansColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Western Corn RootwormColorado State University Extension, 2010.


Cucumbers

Cucumbers, Pumpkins, Squash, and MelonsColorado State University Extension, 2010.


Eggplant

Peppers and EggplantColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.


Flowers

Insect Control in the Flower GardenColorado State University Extension Service, 1982.

Tobacco (Geranium) BudwormColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.


Grapes

Colorado Grape Growers' GuideColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1998.  Includes chapter on vineyard pest management/control.

Insect and Mite Pests Associated with West Slope Wine Grapes.  Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1994.


Greenhouse/houseplants

Fungus Gnats and as Houseplant and Indoor PestsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2009.

Greenhouse WhiteflyColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Household Insect Pests:  Characteristics and ControlColorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1981.

Household Insects of the Rocky Mountain States.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wyoming Extension, and Montana State University Extension, 1994.
 
Household Pest Control:  Pesticide Application and Safety Training Guide.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 1981.

Household PesticidesColorado State University, Colorado Environmental Pesticide Education Program, 2006.

Insect Control:  Soaps and DetergentsColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Interior Plant Pest Control.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2006.

Managing Houseplant PestsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.


Lawns

Clover and Other Mites of TurfgrassColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Insect Management Recommendations for Turf and Ornamentals.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 2004.

Leafhoppers on LawnsColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Sod Webworms and Cutworms in LawnsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1989.

Turf Insects:  Pesticide Application and Safety Training Guide.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 1981.
 
Turf Pest Control.  Colorado Department of Agriculture, 2015.

Turfgrass Insects in Colorado & Northern New Mexico.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1996.


Leafy Greens

Leafy Vegetable Crops for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1989.


Melons

Cucumbers, Pumpkins, Squash, and MelonsColorado State University Extension, 2010.


Onions

Colorado Insecticide Trials for Control of Thrips on Onions, 1995-2006Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 2006.
 
Colorado Onion Production and Integrated Pest Management, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1995.

Onion Thrips:  Characteristics and ControlColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.

Onions and Related Species for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1991.


Peas

A Bacterial Stem Blight of Field and Garden PeasColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1916.


Peppers

Peppers and EggplantColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.


Potatoes

Best Management Practices for Integrated Pest Management in the San Luis Valley:  Potato. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1996.

Colorado Potato PestsColorado State College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1941.

Controlling Colorado Potato PestsColorado State College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1937.

Potato Flea-Beetle ControlColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1933.

Potato or Tomato PsyllidsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Potatoes for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

Psyllid Control on Potatoes and Tomatoes in the Victory GardenColorado State College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1943.

The Tomato Psyllid and the Control of Psyllid Yellows of PotatoesColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1934.


Pumpkins and Squash

Cucumbers, Pumpkins, Squash, Muskmelons, and Watermelons for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.

Squash Bugs:  Management in Home GardensColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2008.


Trees and Shrubs

Aphids on Shade Trees and OrnamentalsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2004.

Boxelder BugsColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Conifer Seed BugsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Control of Some Scale Insects Infesting Colorado Trees and Shrubs.  Colorado Agricultural College, Office of the State Entomologist, 1924.  

Douglas-Fir Tussock MothsColorado State University Extension, 2009.

Elm Leaf BeetlesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Emerald Ash BorerColorado State Forest Service, 2011.

Insect and Mite Pests of HoneylocustColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Insects and Diseases of Woody Plants in Colorado.  Colorado State University Extension, 2014.

Insects and Diseases of Woody Plants of the Central Rockies.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2000.

Insects that Feed on Colorado Trees and ShrubsColorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1993.

Leafmining InsectsColorado State University Extension, 2009.

Management Recommendations for Insect Pests of Trees and Shrubs.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1995.

Oystershell ScaleColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Pine Needle ScaleColorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1986

Pinyon Pine Diseases and InsectsColorado State University Extension, 2009.

Scale Insects Affecting ConifersColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Spruce Bark BeetleColorado State Forest Service, 2002.

What's Ailing Your Aspen?  Common Insects and Diseases of AspenColorado State Forest Service, 2004.

White Pine WeevilColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Zimmerman Pine MothColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Fruit Trees

Apple and Pear InsectsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

A Cherry Pest in ColoradoColorado Agricultural College Experiment Station, 1932.

Colorado Tree Fruits Pest and Crop Management GuideColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1997; 1999 update.

Stone Fruit InsectsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2005.


Tomatoes

Potato and Tomato PsyllidsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Psyllid Control on Potatoes and Tomatoes in the Victory GardenColorado State College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1943.

Recognizing Tomato ProblemsColorado State University Extension, 2009.

The Tomato Psyllid and the Control of Psyllid Yellows of PotatoesColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1934.

Tomatoes for the Home GardenColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.


Wheat

Mites in WheatColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Wheat Production and Pest Management for the Great Plains Region.  Colorado State University Extension, 2010.

Wheat Stem Sawfly:  A New Pest of Colorado WheatColorado State University Extension, 2011.


By Pest Type

Aphids 

Alternate Host Plants of Russian Wheat Aphid in Colorado.  Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1997.

Aphids in AlfalfaColorado State University Extension, 2011.

Aphids on Shade Trees and OrnamentalsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2004.

Estimating the Correlation Between Fall and Spring Population Densities of the Russian Wheat AphidColorado State University Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, 2010.

Estimating Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: aphididae) Overwintering Success Using Weather Data.  Colorado State University Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, 2010.

Honeysuckle Witches' Broom AphidColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

Occurrence of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: aphididae) on Non-Cultivated Grasses Within Colorado Montane EnvironmentsColorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 2011.

 
Bacillus Thuringiensis

Bacillus ThuringiensisColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Bees and Wasps

European Paper WaspColorado State University Extension, 2008.  

Leafcutter BeesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Management of the Alfalfa Leaf-Cutter Bee in Colorado.  Colorado State University Experiment Station, 1972.

Nuisance Wasps and BeesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Pigeon Tremex Horntail and the Giant Ichneumon WaspColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.


Beetles

An Annotated Bibliography of Thousand Cankers Disease, Including...Information on the Walnut Twig Beetle...  Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 2015.

Blister Beetles in Forage CropsColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Cereal Leaf Beetle:  Identification, Biology, and ManagementColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Elm Leaf BeetlesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Flea BeetlesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Japanese BeetleColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Lady BeetlesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Spruce Bark BeetleColorado State Forest Service, 2002.


Caterpillars, Larvae, and Segmented Worms 

ArmywormsColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Caterpillars in Small GrainsColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Field Key for Identification of Caterpillars Found on Field and Vegetable Crops in ColoradoColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1990.

Methods of Combatting Four Field Crop Pests in Colorado:  Beet Webworm, Alfalfa Webworm, Army Cutworm, Pale Western CutwormColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Extension Service, 1921.

Sod Webworms and CutwormsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

Tent-Making CaterpillarsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Tobacco (Geranium) BudwormColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2003.

Western Bean Cutworm:  Characteristics and Management in Corn and Dry BeansColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Western Corn RootwormColorado State University Extension, 2010.


Flies

Greenhouse WhiteflyColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.  

Wheat Stem Sawfly:  A New Pest of Colorado WheatColorado State University Extension, 2011.


Gnats

Fungus Gnats and as Houseplant and Indoor PestsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2009.


Grasshoppers
Grasshopper Control in Gardens and Small AcreagesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2008.

Leafhoppers on LawnsColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Grubs

Billbugs and White GrubsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2005.


Ladybugs

Lady BeetlesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.


Mantids

Mantids of ColoradoColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.


Mites

Clover and Other Mites of TurfgrassColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Ecology and Control of Spider Mites on Corn in Northeastern Colorado.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1983.

Landscape Insect and Mite Pest Management Guide, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1988.

Management of Spider Mites in CornColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1986.

Mites in WheatColorado State University Extension, 2010.

Spider MitesColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Spider Mites in CornColorado State University Extension, 2010.


Moths

Douglas-Fir Tussock MothsColorado State University Extension, 2009.

Hornworms and "Hummingbird Moths."  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Indian Meal MothColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Miller MothsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.

Pine Tip MothsColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Snailcase BagwormColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.  (It's neither a snail nor a worm.  It's actually a moth).

Zimmerman Pine MothColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Nematodes (unsegmented worms)

Importance of Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Colorado CropsColorado State University Extension, 2011.

Insect Control with Insect Parasitic Nematodes.  Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.

Insect Parasitic NematodesColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Weird Worms:  Horsehair Worm and the Grasshopper NematodeColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Psyllids

An Annotated Bibliography of the Potato/Tomato PsyllidColorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1993.

Potato or Tomato PsyllidsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2007.

Psyllid Control on Potatoes and Tomatoes in the Victory GardenColorado State College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1943.

The Tomato Psyllid and the Control of Psyllid Yellows of PotatoesColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1934.


Scales
 
Control of Some Scale Insects Infesting Colorado Trees and Shrubs.  Colorado Agricultural College, Office of the State Entomologist, 1924.

Oystershell ScaleColorado State University Extension, 2008.

Pine Needle ScaleColorado State University Cooperative Extension Service, 1986.

Scale Insects Affecting ConifersColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2006.


Slugs

Attractiveness of Beer and Fermentation Products to the Gray Garden SlugColorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1997.

Pear SlugsColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2004.

SlugsColorado State University Extension, 2008.


Squash Bugs

Squash Bugs:  Management in Home GardensColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2008.


Thrips

Colorado Insecticide Trials for Control of Thrips on Onions, 1995-2006Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, 2006.

The Gladiolus Thrips in Colorado.  Colorado State College, Office of the State Entomologist, 1935.

Onion Thrips:  Characteristics and ControlColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 1994.


Weevils

Alfalfa WeevilColorado State University Cooperative Extension, 2011.

The Alfalfa Weevil in ColoradoColorado Agricultural College, Colorado Experiment Station, 1933.

Root WeevilsColorado State University Extension Service, 2006.

Sunflower Stem Weevil ManagementColorado State University Extension, 2010.

White Pine WeevilColorado State University Extension, 2008.




7.05.2016

Time Machine Tuesday: Predicting Disaster

In 1998 the University of Colorado's Natural Hazards Center issued a paper entitled What Hazards and Disasters Are Likely in the 21st Century -- Or Sooner?  This paper predicted that disasters in the new millennium would go beyond the natural disasters of the previous centuries to include:

1.Events and conditions that exacerbate existing technological hazards;
 
This prediction was mainly related to the fears over Y2K, which passed essentially without incident.  (Search our library's web catalog for resources on how the State of Colorado prepared for Y2K).  

2.Greater, more deadly impacts of natural hazards - including weather events;
 
The 2003 Hayman Fire.  Photo courtesy USDA.
The Center nailed this prediction.  Some of the greatest natural disasters in recent history occurred in the 21st century:  The Haiti earthquake (2010), Hurricane Katrina (2005), the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (2004), Japan's Tohoku Hurricane and Tsunami (2011), the New Zealand Earthquake (2011), and others.  Here in Colorado, the new century saw the terrible fire seasons of 2002 and 2013 and the major floods of 2013.
 
3.Less confidence in and security for physical facilities, information systems, and databases;
 
The essay discusses a widespread pager failure that year.  Guess we don't have to worry about that one anymore.  
 
4.Human error - intentional and unintentional;
 
This section relates to technology.  Again the author discusses Y2K here; computer viruses are also discussed.  
 
5.Biological and chemical hazards, including: Biotechnology hazards, Marine toxins;
 
The 2011 U.S. cantaloupe listeriosis outbreak started right here in Colorado.  
 
6.Terrorism;
 
Interesting that terrorism landed sixth on the author's list, just three years before 9/11.  Numerous attacks the world over have occurred in the 21st century, including several incidents of domestic terrorism here in the U.S.  The essay does contain this eerie sentence:  "Terrorism may take the form of destruction of infrastructure (as in the New York Trade Center bombing [1993]) and/or harming or killing large numbers of people (as in the Oklahoma City federal office building bombing [1995])."
 
7.Distant (international) sources of disasters.

This section of the essay discusses the effects of international disasters on U.S. resources as the world becomes more globalized.
 
Search our library's web catalog and digital repository for numerous other publications on disasters and hazards, including publications from Colorado state emergency management agencies as well as CU's Natural Hazards Center.
 

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